food preservation methods

Food Preservation Methods

Preserving food is a timeless practice that ensures longevity while maintaining flavor and nutrition. Among the various methods available, canning, dehydrating, curing, and smoking stand out as effective techniques.

  • Canning involves sealing food in airtight containers, preserving it through heat sterilization.
  • Dehydrating removes moisture, inhibiting bacterial growth and extending shelf life.
  • Curing involves preserving food with salt or brine, altering its texture and taste.
  • Smoking, on the other hand, infuses food with flavor while also acting as a preservation method by inhibiting microbial growth and enhancing taste.

These methods not only extend the lifespan of food but also retain its quality and taste, providing a diverse range of preserved culinary delights.

Canning

I started Water Bath (with a kit like this one) about 10 years ago and Pressure Canning 8 years ago.
There was the proverbial simple strawberry jam. Which, for me, never sets, so not simple.
Then I moved up to peaches and applesauce. Going to the orchard to hand pick our fruit was fun. The processing that much at one time was a tad tedious. Being able to go downstairs and grab a jar of applesauce in December made it worth it.

After fruit, I moved onto Pressure Canning (with an All American canner) ground beef, chicken, bacon, and pinto beans.
A benefit of pressure canning meat is the peace of mind to not losing it if we have a power outage. It is also great if you forgot to thaw some for dinner. We don’t can all of our meat, but I don’t have a lot in the freezer either. I get great deals from bulk meat purchases on both ground beef and chicken. 

Shelf life is at least 12 months up to 2 years if kept in a cool, dark place.

Equipment needed for Canning:

  • Canner (water bath or pressure)
  • jars
  • lids
  • rings
  • jar lifter
  • jar funnel
  • lid lifter
  • bubble remover/head-space tool

Dehydrating

Back in the day they laid meat out in the sun to dry it.
There may come a time where we have to do it that way again. Until then I use my Excalibur. We have used the round tray method, and while it is cheaper to purchase, the Excalibur is more efficient. It is also a plug in and leave it, where as the round trays you have to manually rotate. I have dehydrated onions, beef jerky, frozen corn, apple, and mango. I have heard of people dehydrating watermelon.

Equipment needed for Dehydrating:

  • Dehydrator
  • Electricity
  • or a hot day

Curing

Preserve your meat in salt. You do have salt in your preps right?

With the dry cure method salt is rubbed all over the meat. You can add spices to this process.

Wet Curing, also known as brining, is where you submerge the meat in salty solution.

Equipment needed for Curing:

  • Low temperature
  • High humidity
  • Air flow
  • Cabinet or the like to protect meat from Fido

You can read more both methods over at Modern Survival Blog

Smoking

Not cigars. Or cigarettes. Smoking meat.
This is one method we are going to do this summer. Just have to find the right smoker. Probably one that is both wood and propane.

Hot Smoking the goal is to cook the food while giving it a smoky flavor.

Cold Smoking is done at less than 100 degrees. Great for smoking meats, such as salami, before hanging to dry.

Smoking doesn’t allow you to store indefinitely.

  • Smoker
  • or Smoke house
  • Charcoal or wood/wood chips

What is your favorite way to preserve your food?

 

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https://i0.wp.com/mamakautz.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/food-preservation-methods.png?fit=683%2C1024&ssl=1https://i0.wp.com/mamakautz.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/food-preservation-methods.png?resize=150%2C150&ssl=1Mama KautzFood StoragePreppingfood preservation,Food Storage,long term food storageFood Preservation Methods Preserving food is a timeless practice that ensures longevity while maintaining flavor and nutrition. Among the various methods available, canning, dehydrating, curing, and smoking stand out as effective techniques. Canning involves sealing food in airtight containers, preserving it through heat sterilization. Dehydrating removes moisture, inhibiting bacterial growth...